The flag of the state of New Mexico consists of a red sun symbol of the Zia on a field of yellow. The colors honor the flag of Spain and the Crown of Aragon which was brought by the conquistadors.

A 1920s contest to design the new state flag was won by Dr. Harry Mera of Santa Fe. Mera was an archaeologist who was familiar with the Zia Sun Symbol found at Zia Pueblo on a 19th-century pot. The symbol has sacred meaning to the Zia. Four is a sacred number which symbolizes the Circle of Life: the four directions, the four times of day, the four stages of life, and the four seasons. The circle binds the four elements of four together. His winning design is the flag that the state uses today.

Proposals for a New Flag of New Mexico

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