United States: East and Southeast covers US states south of the Indiana–Virginia line and east of the Indiana–Mississippi line.


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The July 2015 Reddit flag contest concerned redesigns of the seven Confederate-themed state flags. One of Zmijugaloma's entries was for Alabama, and consisted of a blue stylized cotton flower and white star on a red background. The first modification superimposes the cotton emblem on the current saltire. The second adds a blue background, paralleling the orange background of some flags for Florida below. The colors of the third are based on the state seal.


Similarly to the Dakotas, I designed twin flags for North and South Carolina in October 2015. The joining element is the two crossed cornucopias, which are the sole charge of the shield in the seal of the Province of Carolina, the British colony that is the predecessor to both states. A single cornucopia also appears on the current seal of North Carolina. (I must give credit to Philip Tibbetts for the idea of the cornucopias.)

The remainder of both flags is similar to the current ones. For North Carolina I used the coloring from the 1861–1885 state flag (blue and white stripes, red hoist), which is less similar to the flag of Texas than the current one. The red and blue stripes from two more recent versions (#3 and #4) are from the historic Guilford Courthouse flag; the twelve stripes represent NC as the twelfth state. #5 places the cornucopias in a shield, referencing the eight shields in the coat of arms of the NC State Senate.

For South Carolina, I removed the palmetto tree, since three charges would be too much, and the crescent (actually a gorget) appeared on William Moultrie's original revolutionary flag, whereas the palmetto was added later. A second version instead omits the crescent.

An earlier proposal for North Carolina (without corresponding SC flag) used a different permutation of the colors compared to both the current and former state flags: the horizontal bars are in the state colors of blue and red, while the vertical stripe is white. The dates and initials are removed and, to further differentiate the flag from Texas', the star is moved from the hoist to the center.


While the current flag of Florida is relatively unique due to its use of a red-on-white saltire rather than a solid field, it includes an overly complex seal and is identical to the flag of neighboring Alabama without it. My first proposal keeps the saltire and places it on an orange background, representing the state's orange growth. The flag uses all of the three state colors that are listed on Wikipedia (though without source).

The second proposal is based on Voron Xarja's proposals and the flag described in Philip Tibbetts' comment on them. It consists of the sun represented by an orange circle (additionally symbolizing orange fruit) with eight rays, the diagonal ones red (referring to the saltire) and the orthogonal ones orange, all on white.

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Basically the same as the first proposal charged with a flower (referencing the state name, which is Spanish for "flowery"), this flag started a set of twin flags including most of the southeastern states.


My first flag for Georgia keeps the design of the current flag, but strips away the stars, ribbons and texts, keeping a stylized version of the arch and pillars. Because I couldn't get the pillars and arch to look good at first, I created some more flags, most of which use a diamond with thirteen stars (thirteen stars for the Thirteen Colonies; a diamond for Georgia being the fourth to ratify the constitution).

I'm not too fond of the many Georgia flag proposals that feature images of peaches. To still represent the "Peach State" nickname though, I made some proposals that use a peach-like color instead. The first displayed version exchanges the blue canton for a stripe along the hoist, similar to several former flags.

Analogously to the orange circle for Florida, the fifth and sixth proposals use a peach-colored circle to represent Georgia's peaches and nickname, charged with the arch and, in the fifth proposal, a single star. Inspired by Nat Tang's flags (e.g. File:Georgia8.png), they include the St. George's Cross as a reference to the state's name.

Also each using the St. George's Cross, these are some other versions of the above redesigns, some of them with the peach and/or the current flag's Confederate influence. The last uses a blue saltire hinting at the Confederate battle flag (the currently most well-known CSA flag).

This proposal is simply Philip Tibbetts' flag with the arch added. Tibbetts' original flag combines the St. George's Cross with the gold-white flag of Hanover, in reference to the state's namesake, George II of Great Britain, who was from that city.


The current flag of Indiana is a blue field charged with a torch, nineteen stars and the state's name, all in gold. While just removing the word "Indiana" would already be an improvement, I think the many stars in circular patterns make the flag rather complicated, and it is no different from most other US state flags in that it is an emblem on a blue field. My first proposal was a blue-gold-blue vertical tricolor; the hoist stripe is charged with the torch and large star from the current flag.

The horizontal white stripes on the final version of this proposal resemble highways, referring to Indiana's nickname of the Crossroads of America, and the blue stripe between them represents the state's main river (both are official state symbols). The flag furthermore includes the torch from the current flag, and a six-pointed star to represent Indiana being the sixth state chronologically after the original thirteen (the symbolism of the inner six stars on the current flag).

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The thirteen red and green stripes from my third and fourth proposals are from the historic George Rogers Clark Flag. Two of about thirty variations created, one charges the Clark flag with a gold torch, a semicircle of five white stars and a centered big star (similar to the current flag), while the other adds white fimbriation and a white torch.


My original proposal for Kentucky bases its colors on the state's floral symbols (blue and green for bluegrass, and gold for goldenrod). The central emblem, in addition to resembling a rotated "K", symbolizes the motto "United we stand, divided we fall" (imagine two points on either part of the symbol separating as they move downwards).

I like the idea behind Lizard-Socks' flag proposal for Kentucky, which is some sort of timeline in the form of a flag (see the original blog post). A white saltire on a partially white background doesn't really work, however, so I made some new proposals based on it. The first replaces the white saltire with a gold one; the second removes the saltire altogether and adds a golden border to the green triangle. The other two are tribands with the four triangles from Lizard-Socks' flag as charge.

Another flag based on existing flag proposals. Both the intertwined arrows on Ed Mitchell's proposal and the black and brown colors on Bezbojnicul's proposals represent the statesman and frontiersman shaking hands on the current seal and flag, which in turn symbolize the "United we stand, divided we fall" motto. I made a version of Mitchell's flag using Bezbojnicul's more distinctive color scheme, and also moved the arrows and star to the hoist side of the flag.


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I made these two redesigns for Mississippi, using the magnolia tree from its previous flag, in a Flags Forum post, not realizing that basing a new flag on the Civil War-era state flag isn't a huge step forward compared to the current design's controversial use of the Confederate battle flag.

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From the same set of twin flags as the Oct 2016 proposals for Alabama and Florida, these flags each use a cross and a magnolia flower.


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Tennessee is one of the few US states that doesn't actually urgently need a new flag (South Carolina being another on this page). Nevertheless, this redesign combines the diagonal stripes of the state's previous flag with the stars from the current one, both of which originally represent Tennessee's three geographic divisions.


While newly drawn, most elements of these proposals for Virginia are based on existing proposals. A spear (or sword) piercing through a crown (or chain) features in many great proposals, and symbolizes the victory of Virtus over Tyranny as pictured on the state seal, in turn representing resistance against and independence from British rule in the 1770s. This is additionally represented by an inverted St. George's Cross in #1, and by blue over purple, referring to Virtus' and Tyranny's tunics, in #2 and #5 (taken from a proposal at Reddit).

West Virginia

The flags in my first set of proposals for West Virginia all feature a symmetrical rhombus-shaped emblem, consisting of two adjoined parts. The top half resembles a mountain, symbolizing the state's nickname, the Mountain State. The bottom half combines the state's initials "W" and "V".

The proposals differ in their background designs; the first is vertically divided in blue-white-blue stripes, while the second is white with a blue border like the current flag. The third proposal is a horizontal white-blue bicolor with the rhombus emblem counterchanged; it more clearly shows the two halves of the emblem, while also looking a bit like a landscape (a mountain reflected in white onto a blue sea; let's ignore WV's landlockedness for a moment). I think it is quite similar to the shield from the arms of Tristan da Cunha, which is also blue and white with a counterchanged diamond, and which I have based some flag proposals for Tristan on.

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These designs are based on the family arms of the "Father of West Virginia", Francis H. Pierpont, who played an important role in the state's formation. Proposal 4 is a banner of the arms (Argent, semé of cinquefoils gules, a lion rampant sable)[1] with the blue border from the current flag added. #5 and #6 combine the cinquefoil flowers from the Pierpont arms with the old gold and blue state colors and a zigzag line, which like the rhombus emblem represents both mountains and the initials "WV", and which appears on several other proposals.

An attempt at making a twin flag set with Virginia, this flag is most similar to the second proposal for that state, using a cross as well as the colors purple and blue. This version also represents WV's order of admission by including seven cinquefoils, i.e. 35 leaves.

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